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William Shakespeare (1564-1616)

PILGRIM WORD2

We tend to forget what else was happening in Europe and America during the first three decades of the 17th century and who was making it happen. The following 14 Square contains the names of some of those important people. Find them and then match them with their identity. The spellings are those used in the 3rd edition of the William Rose Benét Reader’s Encyclopedia published in 1987 which is also the source for the information.

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The words: BACON, BAROQUE, BERNINI, BOURBON, BURBAGE, BYRD, CERVANTES, DEE, DEKKER, DESCARTES, DONNE, FAWKES, FORD, GALILEO, GODUNOV, HALS, HARVEY, HUDSON, JONES, KEPLER, LODGE, MONTEVERDI, MORTON, PERI, RALEIGH, RICHELIEU, RUBENS, SHAKESPEARE, SMITH, VAN DYCK, VELAZQUEZ, WALTON


The unused letters when put together refer to an important publication of 1611. What are they?__________________________________________________

What was it?__________________________

Now match the names with the proper identity:

1. Italian astronomer, physicist and inventor. Discoverer of sunspots and the isochronism of the pendulum. (1564-1642) _______________________

2. English navigator and explorer. In 1609 explored north to what is now Albany, N.Y. (d. after 1611)____________________

3. Italian composer and dominant figure in early baroque music. (1567-1643)_________________

4. Greatest of English metaphysical poets. Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral. (1572?-1631) _________________

5. English dramatist. Author of “’Tis Pity She’s a Whore.” (1586-c.1640) __________________

6. Name applied to art of the latter 16th – first half 18th century. ____________

7. On November 5, 1605, he was arrested for attempting to blow up Parliament. (1570-1606) _____________

8. French mathematician and philosopher. Regarded as originator of analytic geometry and the modern scientific method. “Cognito ergo sum.” (1596-1650) _________________

9. English philosopher, statesman, essayist, solicitor and attorney general under James I. (1561-1626) _____________

10. Russian tsar. Subject of a Pushkin play and Mussorgsky opera. (1552-1605) _________________________

11. The “house” of the French kings Henry IV 1589-1610 and Louis XIII 1610-1643. ___________

12. Famous Spanish painter. Known for the objectivity and dignity and reserve of his portraits. (1599-1660) _______________

13. Spanish novelist, dramatist and poet. One of the greatest writers in history. Wrote more than thirty plays. (1547-1616) __________________

14. Italian sculptor and architect. Dominant influence on European sculpture for over a century. The Trevi fountain. (1598-1680) ______________________

15. English-born American adventurer. Established Merry Mount. Referred to Capt. Myles Standish, who was sent to oust him and send him back to England, as “Captain Shrimp.” (1590?-1647) ______________

16. English poet, playwright, and prose writer. One of the “University Wits.” His best known work was the basis of Shakespeare’s “As You Like It.” (1558?-1625) ______________

17. English actor and owner of “The Theatre,” later renamed “The Globe.” Acted every major part of the plays of Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, and Beaumont and Fletcher. Best known for roles in tragedy. (1567-1619) __________________

18. English mathematician and astrologer. Charged and imprisoned for having practiced sorcery against the life of Mary Tudor. Released and enjoyed the favor of Elizabeth I. (1527-1608) ______________________

19. English architect, designer of sets, costumes and machinery of unprecedented elaborateness and ingenuity for court masques written by Ben Johnson and others. (1573-1652) ________________

20. Dutch portrait and genre painter. His subjects ranged from fishwives to nobility. (1580?-1666) _______________

21. English dramatist and pamphleteer. Member of the Henslowe group. Often wrote his plays in collaboration with other dramatists such as John Ford, Thomas Middleton, and William Rowley. (1572?-1632) ____________

22. English composer. One of the first to write for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment. At his death he was called “the father of music.” (1543?-1623) _______________

23. English physician, physiologist and anatomist. Developed the theory of blood circulation. (1578-1657) ______________

24. German astronomer. Theory of planetary motion: all planets move in elliptical orbits with the Sun one of the foci; the speed of motion about the Sun is related to orbital position and the speed of each is related to the speed of the others. (1571-1630) ________________

25. Florentine composer of the first operas: Dafne in 1594-98 and Euridice in 1600. Member of the “Camerata.” (1561-1633) ________________

26. Flemish painter. Greatest of the northern Baroque painters. (1577-1640) _________________

27. English writer. Author of “The Complete Angler.” (1593-1683) _________________

28. Flemish painter and portraitist. Settled in England and became court painter to Charles I. Known for brilliant representation of rich fabrics. (1599-1641) ________________

29. English explorer, courtier, poet, and prose writer. One-time favorite of Elizabeth I. Executed by James I. (1552?-1618) _____________________

30. French statesman and prelate. Credited with being a major force in the downfall of Protestantism in France. Chief minister under Louis XIII. (1585-1642)_________________

31. English explorer and soldier of fortune. Author in 1608 of first American book: “A True Relation of … Virginia.” Pilgrims had his map identifying Plymouth in New England before their boarding the Mayflower. (1580-1631) ___________________

32. The greatest English language poet and dramatist of all time. Some of his plays written during the period 1600-1630: “As You Like It” (1599-1600), “Twelfth Night” (1600), “Hamlet” (1600-01), “Troilus and Cressida (1600-02), “All’s Well That Ends Well” (1602), “Othello” (1604). “King Lear” (1605-06), “Macbeth” (1606), “Anthony and Cleopatra” (1607-08), “Timon of Athens” (1607-08), “Coriolanus” (1608-09). (1564-1616) _______________________

A PILGRIM CRYPTO-QUOTE

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