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William Bradford

  • Pilgrims and Wampanoag: The Prudence of Bradford and Massasoit

    Pilgrims and Wampanoag: The Prudence of Bradford and MassasoitThe Algonquin Nation inhabited New England and the mid-Atlantic states. The Wampanoag federation at its peak contained 20,000 to 30,000 individuals in two dozen tribes who occupied southeastern Massachusetts and eastern Rhode Island. The Wampanoag was ruled by a Sachem, Massasoit, and a council of young men who had proven themselves in battle and older men chosen for their wisdom. Europeans explored, and in some cases planted settlements along the coast of New England since at least 1498.

  • Purloined, Found and Recovered: The History of Bradford's History

    Purloined, Found and Recovered: The History of Bradford's HistoryWhat is Bradford's history Of Plimoth Plantation? Most readers will recognize the title and some will know that it is the firsthand account of Plymouth Colony's history written during the period 1630-1650 by the Colony's second and, with 33 years, its longest serving governor. Although a good account of the Pilgrims' first months in New England is found in Mourt's Relation published in 1622 and Capt. John Smith has some history of the Colony in his New England Trials published in 1624 and Edward Winslow also has some history in his 1624 Good News From New England, none are as complete as Bradford's history.

  • The Magnificent Seven

    The Magnificent SevenSince the tragic events of September 11th, we have come to better understand the difference between a hero, a role model, and a celebrity. A hero/heroine is defined "as a person distinguished for exceptional courage, fortitude, or bold enterprise, especially in time of war or danger; one idealized or held in esteem for superior qualities or deeds of any kind." Role models and celebrities are not always heroes. The Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony had their first heroes early on.

  • The Netherlands, Amsterdam, Holland

    In 1608, after their successful second attempt to flee England, the Pilgrims settled in Amsterdam for one year before moving to the south to Leiden.

    1909 — Holland Pilgrim Memorial Plaque, The Scottish (English Reformed) Church, Begijnhof, Amsterdam
    Placed in memory of Henry Ainsworth (early Separatist leader in Holland), Francis Johnson (early Separatist leader in London and then Emden, Germany), Pastor John Robinson, Elder William Brewster, and Gov. William Bradford by the Chicago Congregational Club. The bronze tablet has six official seals: one in each corner and one centered at top and bottom, and are, top left corner the City of Chicago, top center the seal of Amsterdam, top right Amsterdam coat of arms, bottom right the Dutch royal crest, center bottom the seal of the Chicago Congregational Club, left bottom corner the seal of the State of Illinois. The text reads: ONE : IN : CHRIST / 1609 — FROM SCROOBY · TO · AMSTERDAM — 1909 / AINSWORTH · JOHNSON · ROBINSON · BREWSTER · BRADFORD / BY · A · JOINT · CONSENT · THEY · RESOLVED · TO · GO · INTO · THE · LOW · COUNTRIES / WHERE · THEY · HEARD · WAS · FREEDOM · OF · RELIGION · FOR · ALL · MEN / AND · LIVED · AT · AMSTERDAM / (GOVERNOR · WILLIAM · BRADFORD · HISTORY · OF · PLYMOUTH · PLANTATION) / IN · GRATEFUL · REMEMBRANCE · AND · IN · CHRISTIAN · BROTHERHOOD / THE · CHICAGO · CONGREGATIONAL · CLUB / REAR · THIS · MEMORIAL / A · D · 1909

    Unknown — Holland Pilgrim Memorial Stained Glass Window, The Scottish (English Reformed) Church, Begijn Hof, Amsterdam.
    This single stained glass window, showing people at prayer upon the deck of a ship with a billowing sail and a windmill in the left background, commemorates the English Separatists, including the Pilgrims, who worshiped in this church. In stained class in the base panel it reads: THEIR PASTOR COMMENDED / THEM WITH MOST FERVENT PRAYERS / TO THE LORD AND HIS BLESSING

  • The Netherlands, Delfshaven, Holland

    On leaving Leiden in 1620, the Pilgrims went to the port of Delfshaven where they boarded the ship Speedwell for England where they were to join the larger ship Mayflower for the trip to the New World.

    The Pilgrim Fathers’ Church (Oude Kerk) Memorial Plaque, Delfshaven1906 — The Pilgrim Fathers’ Church (Oude Kerk) Memorial Plaque, Delfshaven, Holland
    Memorial plaque reads: ONE IN CHRIST / FROM DELFSHAVEN JULY 22 AD 1620 / THE PILGRIM FATHERS BEGAN THEIR VOYAGE TO NEW ENGLAND / ---- / OBLIGED BY THE GOOD AND COURTEOUS ENTREATY / WHICH WE HAVE FOUND IN YOUR COUNTRY / WE AND OUR CHILDREN ARE BOUND TO BE THANKFUL / GOVERNOR WILLIAM BRADFORD TO THE DUTCH ON MANHATTAN MARCH 19 1627 / IN TOKEN OF ENDURING AND IN CHRISTIAN BROTHERHOOD / THE BOSTON CONGREGATIONAL CLUB REAR THIS MEMORIAL / JULY 1906” The Boston Congregational Church was part of the Highland Congregational Church (founded in 1869) located then on Parker Street, Boston, MA.

    ca. 1920 — The Pilgrim Fathers' (Oude Kerk) Memorial Window, Delfshaven, Holland
    Memorial window depicting the sailing of the Speedwell.

    1995 — The Pilgrim Fathers’ Church (Oude Kerk), Delfshaven, Holland
    "The / Tide / Which / Stays For / No Man Was / Calling Them / Away" on a bronze roundel with two Pilgrim figures, a man and a woman. The man holds a book identified as a Bible; Delfshaven church is in the background. The sculpture is signed with a small heraldic seal at the lower right. Translation of the plaque presented during the Pilgrims’ 375 anniversary year of departure reads: "This bronze relief sculpture is dedicated to the Pilgrims, who embarked in Delfshaven in July, 1620, for their journey to the New World, where after much difficulty they landed at Cape Cod in November of the same year. Presented by AEGON Insurance Company." AEGON N. V. is one of the world’s largest insurance companies and has its headquarters in The Hague, The Netherland

  • The Pilgrims, Leiden, and the Early Years of Plymouth Plantation, Chapter 1

    The Pilgrims, Leiden, and the Early Years of Plymouth Plantation, Chapter 1From time to time, especially towards the Thanksgiving season, I am asked to comment on drafts of books or articles about the Pilgrims. Usually, when alerted to problems of fact or interpretation, authors or editors modify passages, but not always. Some interpretive habits must be well-loved even without any historical basis.

  • Why Did The Mayflower "Lay Still" For Four Months?

    Pilgrims Landing in PlymouthNew Plimoth - 5 April 1621 our conveyance to ye New World, temporary warehouse, and emergency shelter, &c has departed for our Old England. None but ye crew chose to return with her.

  • William Bradford

    A brief overview of William Bradford.

  • William Bradford Website

    Honoring the life of William Bradford (1590-1657).